Mountains and Peaks in Snowdonia / Eryri over 2000 feet in height order with their English Translations

Mountains and Peaks in Snowdonia / Eryri over 2000 feet in height order with their English Translations

When you walk or scramble up a mountain in Snowdonia / Eryri, it’s interesting to know what its name actually means. In this post you will find a list of all the Snowdonia mountains over 2000 feet and a little bit about the meaning of their name. Perhaps the most interesting is Snowdon itself which means Grave!

Eryri is the Welsh name for Snowdonia (pronounced Eh-ruh-ree) Most people assume that it derives from the Welsh name for eagle – eryr. However, more recently is is believed to derive from the Latin oriri, which means to rise.

You can find details on Wikipedia of every mountain in Snowdonia but I hope this list makes it really easy to see the height of the Welsh peaks, the mountain range and the English meaning of the Welsh name of each peak over 2000ft. I’m using it as a way to track my own walks, I’ll add links as I create posts about the routes I have walked.

This list is not a list of the highhest mountains in Wales, it just refers to those in Snowdonia / Eryri National Park. It does not include the Berwyns, Black Mountains, Cambrians, Clwydians or Brecon Beacons.

  1. Yr Wyddfa (Snowdon)

    Height – 3560 feet / 1085 metres
    Mountain Range – Snowdon Massif
    English Meaning – The Grave (the grave of Rhita Gawr)
  2. Crib y Ddisgl / Carnedd Ugain

    Height – 3493 feet / 1065 metres
    Mountain Range – Snowdon Massif
    English Meaning – Ridge of the Dish (or disc) / Cairn of the Twenty
  3. Carnedd Llywelyn (Llewelyn)

    Height – 3484 feet / 1064 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Llywelyn’s Cairn – Llewelyn ap Gruffudd was the last sovereign prince of Wales before its conquest by Edward I of England.)
  4. Carnedd Dafydd

    Height – 3426 feet / 1044 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Daffydd’s Cairn – Llywelyn’s younger brother – he was hung drawn and quartered by the English in 1283
  5. Glyder Fawr

    Height – 3279 feet / 999 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Glyderau Big Heap of Stones
  6. Glyder Fach

    Height – 3262 feet / 994 metres
    Mountain Range – Glyderau
    English Meaning – Small Heap of Stones ( Castell y Gwynt and Y Gwyliwr the cantilever stone are en route )
  7. Pen yr Ole Wen

    Height – 3210 feet / 978 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Head of the White Slope
  8. Foel Grach

    Height – 3195 feet / 976 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Scabby Hill
  9. Yr Elen

    Height – 3151 feet / 962 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Eleanor – Princess of Wales and wife of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd / or The Leech
  10. Y Garn

    Height – 3104 feet / 947 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – The Rock / The Cairn
  11. Foel Fras

    Height – 3091 feet / 944 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Broad Hill
  12. Carnedd Gwenllian (Y Garnedd Uchaf)

    Height – 3035 feet / 925 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Gwenllian was the daughter of LLywelyn and is known as the lost princess. Carnedd Uchaf translates as highest cairn.
  13. Elidir Fawr

    Height – 3029 feet / 924 metres
    Mountain Range – Glyderau
    English Meaning – Either named after Prince Elidir Mwynfawr (About 560, he invaded Gwynedd to push his wife’s claim to the throne) OR Elidir could be a corruption of Leitir (Old Irish), meaning Hillside – Big Hillside
  14. Crib Goch

    Height – 3023 feet / 923 metres
    Mountain Range – Snowdon Massif
    English Meaning – Red Ridge
  15. Tryfan

    Height – 3010 feet / 917 metres
    Mountain Range – Glyderau
    English Meaning – There are a few translations – Very High Peak – others say it means Three Fingers or Three Rocks (Tri in welsh is three – however struggling to find the connection of fan to fingers or rock, although it does have three clear spikes at the top)
  16. Aran Fawddy

    Height – 2969feet / 905 metres
    Mountain Range – Aranau
    English Meaning – Mawddy Peak
  17. Y Lliwedd

    Height – 2947feet / 898 metres
    Mountain Range – Snowdon Massif
    English Meaning – The Colourless Peak (maybe just in contrast to the ‘Red Ridge’ /Crib Goch
  18. Cader Idris

    Height – 2930 feet / 893 metres
    Mountain Range – Snowdonia
    English Meaning – The Chair of Idris
  19. Aran Benllyn

    Height – 2904 feet / 885 metres
    Mountain Range – Aranau
    English Meaning
  20. Erw y Ddafad-ddu

    Height – 2861 feet / 872 metres
    Mountain Range – Aranau
    English Meaning – An acre of black sheep
  21. Yr Aryg

    Height – 2841 feet / 865 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – The Apparatus (?)
  22. Moel Siabod

    Height – 2860 feet / 872 metres
    Mountain Range – Moelwynion
    English Meaning – Shapely Hill
  23. Arenig Fawr

    Height – 2802 feet / 854 metres
    Mountain Range – Arenigau
    English Meaning – Large Kidney (perhaps because of the shape)
  24. Llwydmor

    Height – 2749 feet / 849 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Grey Sea (?)
  25. Pen yr Helgi-du

    Height – 2732 feet / 833 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Head of the Black Hound
  26. Foel Goch

    Height – 2726 feet / 831 metres
    Mountain Range – Glyderau
    English Meaning – Red Bare Hill
  27. Carnedd y Filiast


    Height – 2694 feet / 821 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Cairn of the Greyhound Bitch (I can’t find a direct translation but I found this on UK Climbing)
  28. Mynydd Perfedd

    Height – 2664 feet / 812 metres
    Mountain Range – Glyderau
    English Meaning – Middle Mountain (although Perfedd directly translates as ‘gut’ which I suppose is your middle?)
  29. Pen Llithrig-y-wrach

    Height2621 feet / 799 metres
    Mountain RangeCarneddau
    English MeaningThe slippery head of the witch (maybe because it’s boggy and has a sharp profile?)
  30. Elidir Fach

    Height – 2608 feet / 795 metres
    Mountain Range – Glyderau
    English Meaning – Small Hillside (? – see Elidir Fawr)
  31. Bera Mawr

    Height – 2587 feet / 794 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Big Stacks (also Bera Bach which means small stick but is in fact taller at 807m but less prominence)
  32. Moel Hebog

    Height – 2566 feet / 782 metres
    Mountain Range – Moel Hebog Group
    English Meaning – Bare hill of the hawk
  33. Glasgwm

    Height – 2556 feet / 779 metres
    Mountain Range – Aranau
    English Meaning – Bluegrass / Blue Valley
  34. Drum

    Height – 2528 feet / 770 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Ridge
  35. Moelwyn Mawr

    Height – 2527 feet / 770 metres
    Mountain Range – Moelywnion
    English Meaning – Great White Hill (Gwyn is white in Welsh)
  36. Gallt yr Ogof

    Height – 2499 feet / 763 metres
    Mountain Range – Glyderau
    English Meaning – Cliff of the cave
  37. Moel Llyfnant

    Height – 2464 feet / 751 metres
    Mountain Range – Glyderau
    English Meaning – Cliff of the cave
  38. Yr Aran

    Height – 2451 feet / 747 metres
    Mountain Range – Parent Mountain Snowdon
    English Meaning – The Peak
  39. Craig Cwm Silin

    Height – 2408 feet / 735 metres
    Mountain Range – Moel Hebog Range
    English Meaning – Crag Of Cwm Silyn – highest point of the Nantlle Ridge
  40. Rhobell Fawr

    Height – 2408 feet / 734 metres
    Mountain Range – Arenigau
    English Meaning – Large Spindle
  41. Craig Eigiau

    Height – 2389 feet / 735 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Eigiau translates as ‘Shoals’ but perhaps it is so named because of llyn Eigiau below
  42. Moel Eilio

    Height – 2382 feet / 726 metres
    Mountain Range – Parent Mountain Snowdon
    English Meaning – Eilio’s hill – (At the top of Moel Eilio there is a Bronze Age cairn)
  43. Moelwyn Bach

    Height – 2334 feet / 710 metres
    Mountain Range – Moelywnion
    English Meaning – Small White Hill
  44. Trum y Ddyssgyl

    Height – 2329 feet / 709 metres
    Mountain Range – Moel Hebog Range
    English Meaning – Heavy the Dish / Disc? (Not sure on this) The second highest summit on theNantlle Ridge.
  45. Garnedd Goch

    Height – 2301 feet / 700
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Red Cairn – part of the Nantlle Ridge metres
  46. Mynydd Mawr

    Height – 2290 feet / 698 metres
    Mountain Range – Snowdon / northern outlier of the Moel Hebog group
    English Meaning – Big Mountain
  47. Allt Fawr

    Height – 2287 feet / 698 metres
    Mountain Range – Moelwynion
    English Meaning – Big Slope
  48. Mynydd Drws-y-coed

    Height – 2280 feet / 695 metres
    Mountain Range – Moel Hebog Range
    English Meaning – Door of the Woods Mountain – Nantlle Ridge – Subsidiary summit of Trum y Ddysgl

  49. Cnicht

    Height – 2265 feet / 690 metres
    Mountain Range – Moelwynion
    English Meaning – Knight – aka The Welsh Matterhorn
  50. Arenig Fawr

    Height – 2260 feet / 689 metres
    Mountain Range – Arenigau
    English Meaning – Small Kidney (perhaps because of the shape)
  51. Foel Hafod-fynydd

    Height – 2260 feet / 689 metres
    Mountain Range – Aranau
    English Meaning – Foel = Bare Fynnydd = mountain(with the first letter mutated) Hafod means a place where people and livestock move for the summer – it doesn’t really ranslate into English – look up the word transhumance
  52. Maesglase

    Height – 2226 feet / 678 metres
    Mountain Range – Dyfi Hilla
    English Meaning – Blue / Green Field
  53. Creigiau Gleision

    Height – 2224 feet / 678 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Blue Rocks
  54. Moel Cynghorion

    Height – 2207 feet / 672 metres
    Mountain Range – Parent Mountain Snowdon
    English Meaning – The Hill of the Councillors
  55. Esgeiriau Gwynion

    Height – 2201 feet / 671 metres
    Mountain Range – Aranau
    English Meaning – White Eskers (Eskers are ridges made of sands and gravels, deposited by glacial meltwater flowing through tunnels within and underneath glaciers, or through meltwater channels on top of glaciers)
  56. Tarren y Gesail

    Height – 2188 feet / 667 metres
    Mountain Range – Tarrens
    English Meaning – ?
  57. Manod Mawr

    Height – 2169 feet / 661 metres
    Mountain Range – Moelwynion
    English Meaning – Great Snowdrift / Big Spot? (This heavily quarried peak is actually in the exclusion zone in Blaenau Ffestiniog)
  58. Cribin Fawr

    Height – 2162 feet / 659 metres
    Mountain Range – Dyfi Hills
    English Meaning – Large Rake
  59. Waun-Oer

    Height – 2152 feet / 655 metres
    Mountain Range – Dyfi Hills
    English Meaning – Cold Bog
  60. Moel Druman

    Height – 2152 feet / 655 metres
    Mountain Range – Moelwynion
    English Meaning – Drum Hill ?
  61. Mynydd Tal-y-mignedd

    Height – 2148 feet / 653 metres
    Mountain Range – Moel Hebog Range
    English Meaning – Mynydd is mountain and Mignedd translates as swamp / quagmire or malignant
  62. Moel-yr-Hydd

    Height – 2124 feet / 648 metres
    Mountain Range – Moelwynion
    English Meaning – Bare Hill with Stagg
  63. Foel Gron

    Height – 2100 feet / 640 metres
    Mountain Range – Parent Mountain Moel Eilio
    English Meaning – Snowdon Green Hill (?)
  64. Moel Lefn

    Height – 2094 feet / 638 metres
    Mountain Range – Moel Hebog Range
    English Meaning – Google Translate says Lefn means Smoothly – not sure this is right.
  65. Tarrenhendre

    Height – 2080feet / 634 metres
    Mountain Range – Tarrens
    English Meaning – Hendre means a farmers winter residence – the opposite of Hafod.
  66. Pen y Castell

    Height – 2044 feet / 623 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – The Head of the Castle
  67. Moel Ysgyfarnogod

    Height – 2044 feet / 623 metres
    Mountain Range – Rhinogiau
    English Meaning – Bare hill of the hares
  68. Gallt y Wenallt

    Height – 2032 feet / 619 metres
    Mountain Range – Snowdon Massif
    English Meaning – White Slope Hillside (or google translate thinks wenallt means ‘gloom’ so possibly hillside of gloom!
  69. Moel yr Ogof

    Height – 2020 feet / 615 metres
    Mountain Range – Moel Hebog Range
    English Meaning – Bare Hill with a cave
  70. Gyrn Wigau

    Height – 2018 feet / 615 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – Wooded Peak
  71. Tal y Fan

    Height – 2000 feet / 614 metres
    Mountain Range – Carneddau
    English Meaning – The headland peak (?)
tryfan english meaning snowdonia

I got a lovely reply when I tweeted this post from @casegfraith who also has a keen interest in Toponymy of Mountains – take a look at his interpretations here – Welsh 3000 Mountain Meanings

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